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US National Laboratories

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National Laboratories, National Institutes of Health, DARPA
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The United States Department of Energy was created in 1977 as an outgrowth of the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) that made the first Atom Bombs, then became the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) in 1946,  and split into the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the Energy Research Development Administration (ERDA) in 1974. The DoE consolidated the work of these agencies and others to form an umbrella admimistration within the government.
 

The DoE Office of Science (SC) manages 17 laboratories http://www.science.doe.gov/OLPE/National%20Laboratory%20definition%2011-08.pdf  -link includes map
 
 
The NATIONAL LABORATORIES
 
Ames (Iowa) http://www.external.ameslab.gov Director, Alex King
 
Argonne (Illinois), http://www.anl.gov/about.html Director, Eric Isaacs
 
Brookhaven (Long Island, NY), http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/about_BNL.asp Director, Samuel Aronson
 
Fermi (Illinois), http://www.fnal.gov Director, Pier Oddone
 
Idaho (Idaho Falls), http://www.inl.gov Director, John J. Grossenbacher
 
Thomas Jefferson Nat’l Accelerator Facility (MD) http://www.jlab.org Director, Hugh E. Montgomery
 
Lawrence Berkeley, (CA), http://www.lbl.gov Director, A. Paul Alivisatos
 
Lawrence Livermore, (CA), http://www.llnl.gov Director, George Miller
 
Los Alamos (NM), http://www.lanl.gov ,  library at http://www.library.lanl.gov Director, Michael R. Anastasio
In 1999, Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Wen Ho Lee was fired from his job; in 1999 he was arrested and held without trial for 278 days while his handling of sensitive nuclear information was investigated. [FBI Director, Louis J.]Freeh accused him of downloading a “portable, personal trove” of U.S. nuclear secrets. Lee pled guilty to one of the fifty-nine counts brought against him, after which he was freed from jail.http://www.answers.com/topic/wen-ho-lee
 
Oak Ridge (TN) http://www.ornl.gov and http://ornl.gov/info/news Director, Thom Mason
corporate lab managers, 1943 to the present http://www.ornl.gov/ornlhome/contractors.shtml
 
Princeton Plasma Physics (NJ), http://www.pppl.gov Director, Stewart Prager
 
Sandia (two locations, NM and CA), http://www.sandia.gov Director, Thomas O. Hunter
 
Stanford (SLAC) Accelerator (CA), http://www.slac.stanford.edu Director, Persis Drell
 
Pacific Northwest (WA, formerly Hanford), http://www.pnl.gov/about/default.asp Director, Michael Kluse
 
Office of Environmental Management, Savannah River Lab (SC)
 
Office of Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Lab, (two locations OH and WV)
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http://www.nih.gov/                                                 HQ

NIH Director Francis S. Collins http://www.nih.gov/about/director/index.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Institutes_of_Health

http://www.answers.com/topic/national-institutes-of-health

http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/

http://publicaccess.nih.gov/

Fogarty International Center, http://www.fic.nih.gov/

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NIH established in 1930 by the Ransdell Act, reorganized from the National Hygenic Laboratory, est. 1887 –http://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/phs_history/intro.html

The NIH grew out of the Marine Hospital Service which was founded in 1798 to provide medical services for merchant seaman. The Hygenic Lab was established as a part of the Marine Hospital Service until it all became the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) in 1902, under the directorship of Milton Rosenau who built the agency into a college-style establishment.  http://www.nih.gov/about/almanac/historical/directors.htm

Budget: approx. $30billion; Employees: approx 18,000; 27 Institutes and Centers that make up the NIH:

Offices

NIH Logo
The Office of the Director (OD)
The Office of the Director is the central office at NIH for its 27 Institutes and Centers. The OD is responsible for setting policy for NIH and for planning, managing, and coordinating the programs and activities of all the NIH components. OD’s program offices include the Office of AIDS Research and the Office of Research on Women’s Health, among others. more >

NIH Institutes

NCI Logo
National Cancer Institute (NCI) – Est. 1937
NCI leads a national effort to eliminate the suffering and death due to cancer. Through basic and clinical biomedical research and training, NCI conducts and supports research that will lead to a future in which we can prevent cancer before it starts, identify cancers that do develop at the earliest stage, eliminate cancers through innovative treatment interventions, and biologically control those cancers that we cannot eliminate so they become manageable, chronic diseases. more > 

NEI logo
National Eye Institute (NEI) – Est. 1968
NEI conducts and supports research that helps prevent and treat eye diseases and other disorders of vision. This research leads to sight-saving treatments, reduces visual impairment and blindness, and improves the quality of life for people of all ages. NEI-supported research has advanced our knowledge of how the eye functions in health and disease. more >

NHLBI logo
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) – Est. 1948
NHLBI provides leadership for a national program in diseases of the heart, blood vessels, lung, and blood; blood resources; and sleep disorders. Since October 1997, the NHLBI has also had administrative responsibility for the NIH Woman’s Health Initiative. The Institute plans, conducts, fosters, and supports an integrated and coordinated program of basic research, clinical investigations and trials, observational studies, and demonstration and education projects. more >

NHGRI logo
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) – Est. 1989
NHGRI is devoted to advancing health through genome research. The Institute led NIH’s contribution to the Human Genome Project, which was successfully completed in 2003 ahead of schedule and under budget. Building on the foundation laid by the sequencing of the human genome, NHGRI’s work now encompasses a broad range of research aimed at expanding understanding of human biology and improving human health. In addition, a critical part of NHGRI’s mission continues to be the study of the ethical, legal and social implications of genome research. more >

NIA logo
National Institute on Aging (NIA) – Est. 1974
NIA leads a national program of research on the biomedical, social, and behavioral aspects of the aging process; the prevention of age-related diseases and disabilities; and the promotion of a better quality of life for all older Americans. more >

NIAAA logo
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) – Est. 1970
NIAAA conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the enormous health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. more >

NIAID logo
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) – Est. 1948
NIAID research strives to understand, treat, and ultimately prevent the myriad infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases that threaten millions of human lives. more >

NIAMS logo
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) – Est. 1986
NIAMS supports research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases, the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research, and the dissemination of information on research progress in these diseases. more >

NIBIB logo
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) – Est. 2000
NIBIB improves health by promoting fundamental discoveries, design and development, and translation and assessment of technological capabilities in biomedical imaging and bioengineering, enabled by relevant areas of information science, physics, chemistry, mathematics, materials science, and computer sciences. more >

NICHD logo
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) – Est. 1962
NICHD research on fertility, pregnancy, growth, development, and medical rehabilitation strives to ensure that every child is born healthy and wanted and grows up free from disease and disability. more >

NIDCD logo
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) – Est. 1988
NIDCD conducts and supports biomedical research and research training on normal mechanisms as well as diseases and disorders of hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language that affect 46 million Americans. more >

NIDCR logo
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) – Est. 1948
NIDCR provides leadership for a national research program designed to understand, treat, and ultimately prevent the infectious and inherited craniofacial-oral-dental diseases and disorders that compromise millions of human lives. more >

NIDDK logo
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) – Est. 1950
NIDDK conducts and supports basic and applied research and provides leadership for a national program in diabetes, endocrinology, and metabolic diseases; digestive diseases and nutrition; and kidney, urologic, and hematologic diseases. Several of these diseases are among the leading causes of disability and death; all seriously affect the quality of life of those who have them. more >

NIDA logo
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) – Est. 1973
NIDA leads the nation in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction through support and conduct of research across a broad range of disciplines and rapid and effective dissemination of results of that research to improve drug abuse and addiction prevention, treatment, and policy. more >

NIEHS logo
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) – Est. 1969
NIEHS reduces the burden of human illness and dysfunction from environmental causes by, defining how environmental exposures, genetic susceptibility, and age interact to affect an individual’s health. more >

NIGMS logo
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) – Est. 1962
NIGMS supports basic biomedical research that is not targeted to specific diseases. NIGMS funds studies on genes, proteins, and cells, as well as on fundamental processes like communication within and between cells, how our bodies use energy, and how we respond to medicines. The results of this research increase our understanding of life and lay the foundation for advances in disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. NIGMS also supports research training programs that produce the next generation of biomedical scientists, and it has special programs to encourage underrepresented minorities to pursue biomedical research careers. more >

NIMH logo
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) – Est. 1949
NIMH provides national leadership dedicated to understanding, treating, and preventing mental illnesses through basic research on the brain and behavior, and through clinical, epidemiological, and services research. more >

NINDS logo
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) – Est. 1950
The mission of the NINDS is to reduce the burden of neurological diseases — a burden borne by every age group, every segment of society, and people all over the world. To accomplish this goal the NINDS supports and conducts research, both basic and clinical, on the normal and diseased nervous system, fosters the training of investigators in the basic and clinical neurosciences, and seeks better understanding, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of neurological disorders. more >

NINR logo
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) – Est. 1986
NINR supports clinical and basic research to establish a scientific basis for the care of individuals across the life span–from the management of patients during illness and recovery to the reduction of risks for disease and disability; the promotion of healthy lifestyles; the promotion of quality of life in those with chronic illness; and the care for individuals at the end of life. This research may also include families within a community context, and it also focuses on the special needs of at-risk and under-served populations, with an emphasis on health disparities. more >

NLM logo
National Library of Medicine (NLM) – Est. 1956
NLM collects, organizes, and makes available biomedical science information to scientists, health professionals, and the public. The Library’s Web-based databases, including PubMed/Medline and MedlinePlus, are used extensively around the world. NLM conducts and supports research in biomedical communications; creates information resources for molecular biology, biotechnology, toxicology, and environmental health; and provides grant and contract support for training, medical library resources, and biomedical informatics and communications research. more >

NIH Centers

CIT logo
Center for Information Technology (CIT formerly DCRT, OIRM, TCB) – Est. in 1964
CIT incorporates the power of modern computers into the biomedical programs and administrative procedures of the NIH by focusing on three primary activities: conducting-computational biosciences research, developing computer systems, and providing computer facilities. more >

CSR logo
Center for Scientific Review (CSR) – Est. in 1946
CSR is the focal point at NIH for the conduct of initial peer review, the foundation of the NIH grant and award process. The Center carries out peer review of the majority of research and research training applications submitted to the NIH. In addition, the Center serves as the central receipt point for all such Public Health Service (PHS) applications and makes referrals to scientific review groups for scientific and technical merit review of applications and to funding components for potential award. To this end, the Center develops and implements innovative, flexible ways to conduct referral and review for all aspects of science. more >

FIC logo
John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences (FIC) – Est. in 1968
FIC promotes and supports scientific research and training internationally to reduce disparities in global health. more >

NCCAM logo
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) – Est. in 1999
NCCAM is dedicated to exploring complementary and alternative medical (CAM) practices in the context of rigorous science; training CAM researchers and disseminating authoritative information. more >

NCMHD logo
National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD) – Est. in 1993
The mission of NCMHD is to promote minority health and to lead, coordinate, support, and assess the NIH effort to reduce and ultimately eliminate health disparities. In this effort NCMHD will conduct and support basic, clinical, social, and behavioral research, promote research infrastructure and training, foster emerging programs, disseminate information, and reach out to minority and other health disparity communities. more >

NCRR logo
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) – Est. in 1962
NCRR provides laboratory scientists and clinical researchers with the environments and tools they need to understand, detect, treat, and prevent a wide range of diseases. With this support, scientists make biomedical discoveries, translate these findings to animal-based studies, and then apply them to patient-orientated research. more >

CC logo
NIH Clinical Center (CC) – Est. in 1953
CC is the clinical research facility of the National Institutes of Health. As a national resource, it provides the patient care, services, and environment needed to initiate and support the highest quality conduct of and training in clinical research. more >
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Their directors:

NIH Institutes

NIH Centers

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Defense Advanced Research Projects Administration http://dtsn.darpa.mil/index.html
 
Defense Sciences Office http://www.darpa.mil/dso
 
DARPA Programs (examples)
 
Programmable matter http://www.darpa.mil/dso/thrusts/physci/newphys/program_matter/index.htm  and Chemical Communication
 
 
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Written by citizen2009

December 4, 2009 at 5:02 am

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