Media Citizen's Blog

Just another weblog

The Worshipful Society of Apothecaries

leave a comment »

 Flag of the City of London ( and the flag of the Red Cross? ). This emblem was depicted on the shields and tunics of the Knights Templar who also used the insignia of the Skull-and-Bones. The Knights Hospitaller, who were chartered at the same time as the Templars, used an inverse (red field, white cross) version of the same design. A truncated-cross depiction of London’s flag is the Red Cross flag, identical to the inverted field of Switzerland’s flag. Are the flags telling us their heritage?

The Knights Templar claimed Jerusalem as their capitol after capturing it in 1099. During the years of occupation,  lasting nearly a century, Templars learned the arts of alchemy and mathematics which were highly developed in Arabia and Persia, based on thousands of years of eastern development. After expulsion from the mid-east, and subsequently France, the center of Templar practices moved to the UK c. 1300, with divisions operating in other countries as chartered brotherhoods under new names, principally as Freemasonic orders.  Two versions of the Knights Hospitaller were reorganized as the Knights of Malta and the Knights of Bohemia.

The Hospitallers were a military organization and the largest (papally) chartered order to evolve from the Crusades. The central European chapters were mostly abandoned as the Hospitallers focused their resources in the Mediterranean, but regional groups took up their mission and created their own fraternities. This is the claim for the Knights of Bohemia, founded in Prague in 1233 by Princess Agnes. The Bohemians were also called The Dragon Knights and chose a red six-pointed star as their insignia, later placed below a Maltese Cross on their standard.

The six-pointed star (of Solomon/star of David) adorns late medieval architecture and chateaux belonging to families who were likely members of this order, practitioners of alchemy and medicine in the larger complex of Crusades-era “corporations” that swore allegiance to the preservation of Jerusalem, the Holy Land. In the 1300s, the Hospitallers were forced to move their center to Rhodes, Sicily, and Malta respectively, while the seat of the pope was in France. The Hospitallers took on the mantle of policing the Mediterranean on behalf of “Christian” trade protection, although after the plague struck in the 1340s, the ensuing disorganization and loss of European wealth caused the seagoing Hospitallers to turn to piracy, directed against their historic enemies –Islam and the Turks– and in time as they contracted out naval services as mercenaries, against whomever their benefactors saw fit.

Over the next two centuries, stabilization of trade and the navies to protect it led to the creation of merchant guilds, from where we get the Worshipful Companies and Societies. The words ‘merchant’, ‘mercenary’ and even the name “Merck” have roots in this seafaring activity. European Maritime law began its development from the time of the Crusades,  distinct from its Near Eastern predecessors, based on the ‘privateering’ engaged in by the various Orders of Knights. 

A strange and curious fact about the founding of the Knights of Bohemia is that the year of its charter, 1233, corresponds to The Last Judgement which was to take place in that same year (technically at the end of 1232)according to Hebrew reckoning (in a lunar calendar system), derived from a belief that the World was to last 4900 years from the first year of Creation; designated as a formula of 10 X 490 from a Creation point in 3668 BCE; the number 10 representing 10 “world weeks” (each lasting 490 years) with a significant religious event marking the beginning of each world week. Calendrical revisions occurred several times in Hebrew dating calculations; differences between ‘solar’ and ‘lunar’ reckoning made important distinctions in the various factions that marked internal divisions in Judaism and distinguished early Christianity as a ‘solar’ cult. Was the lunar reckoning adopted by the Dragon Knights an indication of who they were?

Saint Agnes of Prague

Crusaders of the Red Star

Timeline of the Templars

Origin of hospitals


Apothecaries Hall, London

The guild of apothecaries was originally part of the Company of Grocers, first called the Guild of Pepperers in 1180 (in the reign of Henry II Plantagenet, a Templar) and the first trade-guild established along with the Mercers. The Grocers were charged with regulating the purity, weights and measure of spices. Grocers received a Royal charter in 1428, and the Apothecaries received their own charter under James I (James Stuart the VI of Scotland) in 1617 –the same James of the King James Bible who was also known as the Hammer of Witches. In this time of history, the medical needs of the people were largely fufilled by ‘witches’ and midwives who were people of great accomplishment, unforunately suffering the rigors of the Inquisition that were extended to them, directly and indirectly, as the merchant guilds grew powerful.

In the City of London, the Temple buildings belonging to the Knights Templar became the property of the Knights Hospitaller when the Templar order was abolished in 1312. These buildings along the Thames were called the Inns of the Court, used for the study of Law and maintained a special jurisdiction of their own as “extra-parochial”, or outside the parish. In the reign of Henry VIII, in dispute with Papal authority which led to the founding of the Episcopal Anglican Church, the Catholic order of the Hospitallers was dissolved and their property was forfeited to the King. No new hospitals were built for almost two centuries although the City of London and the Inns of Court were said to flourish in the reign of Elizabeth. It was a high time for alchemy.

The barely visible image in the drawing of the Apothecaries crest on the Hall in London details a shield with a female figure standing in front of a roaring dragon with her back to it, bow in her lowered left hand, arrow in her raised right with a snake’s head hovering above; on either side of the shield, salient (leaping) unicorns, and above the shield and snake, what looks like a rhinocerous –visible here

And below is “the White Unicorn House and Apothecary” on the Square of the Republic in Plzen, Czechoslovakia

The unicorn was incorporated into the Scots Coat of Arms at about the same time as the Templars took refuge there, in the first decade of 1300 and may be significant to the Apothecaries emblem, established by James, the first Scot to sit on the English throne. Unicorn lore, while mixing many symbolic lineages, was an ancient lunar symbol and, as seen with the Lion, a potent reference for alchemy, merging the lunar and solar. Its horn was believed to neutralize poison and is an occult representation of the Sword, for the Brotherhood of the Sword; the medieval Dragon Knights. The Apothecaries crest merges these symbols with the image of Artemis the Archer; virgin goddess of the hunt and sister “moon” to Apollo “sun” Artemis is also a symbol of the Bow Star, Sirius, a deeply occult image of twinning that which is hidden.

Scottish Coat of Arms

158 × 95pxSword of the cancer society, lineage to the Dragon Knights and allegiance to pharmaceuticals

Written by citizen2009

November 24, 2009 at 7:15 pm

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: